JOHN XXII°

JOHN XXII° (Jacques Duèse; b. c. 1245), pope at Avignon, 1316–34. Pragmatically adapting his attitude to suit the current situation, John XXII could be called neither benevolent nor severe in his dealings with the Jews. He wished to encourage the conversion of the Jews and advised employing a convert with a perfect knowledge of Hebrew and Aramaic to teach these languages to Christians (1319); he also allowed converts to keep their possessions (1320). In 1320 he intervened on at least five occasions to protect the Jews from the pastoureaux . However, in this same year, he once more determined to seize the Talmud and other Jewish books and considered expelling the Jews from Church lands. Although the expulsion order was revoked on the payment of large sums by a delegation of Jews from Rome, John XXII nevertheless proceeded to burn the Talmud in 1322, at the same time instituting local expulsion orders. He confirmed the jurisdiction of the Inquisition over converts who, suspected of Judaizing practices, had found refuge in monasteries (1317; 1322); only when Church revenue from the Jews was endangered, as in Apulia in 1328, did John take back from the Inquisition, for a temporary period, the jurisdiction over the Jews. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Milano, Italia, 148; P. Browe, Judenmission im Mittelalter (1942), 208, 259; S. Grayzel, in: HUCA, 23 (1950/51), 37–80. (Bernhard Blumenkranz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John XXII —     Pope John XXII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XXII     (JACQUES D EUSE)     Born at Cahors in 1249; enthroned, 5 September, 1316; died at Avignon, 4 December, 1334. He received his early education from the Dominicans in his native… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • John XXII — (Jacques Duèse) c1244 1334, French ecclesiastic: pope 1316 34. * * * orig. Jacques Duèse born , Cahors, France died Dec. 4, 1334, Avignon Second Avignon pope (1316–34). The successor to Clement V, he established the papal court at Avignon on a… …   Universalium

  • John XXII — (1249–1334)    Pope.    John was born Jacques Duèse in Cahors, France. He was educated at the University of Paris and was appointed Bishop of Fréjus in 1300, Bishop of Avignon in 1310, Cardinal Bishop of Porto in 1312, and was elected Pope in… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • John XXII — /dʒɒn/ (say jon) noun (Jacques Duèse), 1244?–1334, pope 1316–34 …   Australian English dictionary

  • John XXII — (Jacques Duèse) c1244 1334, French ecclesiastic: pope 1316 34 …   Useful english dictionary

  • John XXII, Pope — • Born at Cahors in 1249; enthroned, 5 September, 1316; died at Avignon, 4 December, 1334 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John XXII —     Pope John XXII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XXII     (JACQUES D EUSE)     Born at Cahors in 1249; enthroned, 5 September, 1316; died at Avignon, 4 December, 1334. He received his early education from the Dominicans in his native… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John XXII — Infobox Pope English name=John XXII birth name=Jacques Duèze or d Euse term start=August 7, 1316 term end=December 4, 1334 predecessor=Clement V successor=Benedict XII birth date=1249 birthplace= Cahors, France dead=dead|death date=death… …   Wikipedia

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  • John of Janduno — • An Averroistic philosopher, theologian, and political writer of the fourteenth century Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. John of Janduno     John of Janduno      …   Catholic encyclopedia

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